Schuster, Carl. Social Symbolism in Ancient & Tribal Art, Volume 3, Book 2, ed. Edmund
Carpenter. New York: Rock Foundation, 1988.
Labyrinths in North & South America
The labyrinth symbol occurs amongst the native cultures of both North & South America.
How, and more importantly when, it first appeared in these locations remains one
of the greatest puzzles for labyrinth researchers. This question has been debated
for over 100 years, since knowledge of labyrinth symbols in the region became known
during the late 19th century. Ever since that time, those that have judged the question
have been broadly split into two camps – those who presume it arrived as part of
the baggage with Spanish colonists from the 16th century onwards, and those that
prefer an independent discovery of the design by the native peoples of the region,
prior to contact with European sources – diffusion or autogenesis? The jury remains