Terracotta Angel, c.1896
Watts Chapel, England

 Photo ©: Jeff Saward/Labyrinthos



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Carpeggiani, Paolo. "Labyrinths in the Gardens of the Renaissance" in The History of Garden Design, ed. Monique Mosser & Georges Teyssot. London: Thames & Hudson, 1991.

Collins, Tony & John Bosworth. "A Victorian Maze Restored" Caerdroia 16 (1985) pp.13-28. (Bridge End Gardens, Saffron Walden, Essex).

Crossley, Richard. "Thomas Kirke's Most Suprizing Labyrinth" Caerdroia 30 (1999), pp.37-38. (Cookridge House, Yorkshire, England).

Griswold, Mac & Eleanor Weller. The Golden Age of American Gardens. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1991.

Fisher Adrian & Georg Gerster. The Art of the Maze. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1990.

Kern, Hermann. Through the Labyrinth, ed. Robert Ferré & Jeff Saward. Munich: Prestel, 2000. (Chapter XV catalogues many interesting historic examples).

Laishley, Lilan. "The Harmonist Labyrinths" Caerdroia 32 (2001), pp.8-20. (Early hedge labyrinths in Indiana & Pennsylvania).

Lockridge, Ross F. (1877-1952). The Labyrinth of New Harmony. New Harmony, IN: New Harmony Memorial Commission, 1941. Reprint, Westport, Conn: Hyperion Press, 1975.

Locock, Martin. "A Holly Maze Restored" Caerdroia 23 (1990), p.19. (Castel Bromwich, England).

Lucifero, Roberto. Guida ai giardini perduti di Roma. Rome: TECLA & Di Baio Editore, 1995.

Matthews, W.H. Mazes and Labyrinths - A General Account of their History and Developments. London: Longmans, Green & Co., 1922.

Pizzoni, Filippo. The Garden - A History in Landscape and Art. London: Aurum Press, 1999.

Reed Doob, Penelope. The Idea of the Labyrinth from Classical Antiquity through the Middle Ages. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1990. (Hedge mazes mentioned in late medieval texts).

Robey, Ann. "A 17th Century Water Maze at Greenwich" Caerdroia 29 (1998), p.33. (Greenwich, London).

Saward, Jeff. Labyrinths & Mazes. London: Gaia Books, 2003 & New York: Lark Books, 2003. (Chapter 5 provides a worldwide distribution and history).

Schafers, Fons. "A Catalogue of Labyrinths & Mazes in the Netherlands" Caerdroia 32 (2001), pp.28-35. (Catalogue of Netherlands hedge mazes).

Strong, Roy. The Renaissance Garden in England. London: Thames & Hudson, 1979.

Strong, Roy. The Artist & the Garden. New Haven & London: Yale University Press. 2000.

Thordrup, Jørgen. "Labyrinter I fortid og nutid" Fra Kvangård Til Humlekule, Meddelelser Fra Havebrugshistorisk Selskab Nr.24, 1994. (Hedge mazes in Denmark).

Thordrup, Jørgen. Alle Tiders Labyrinter. Silkeborg, Denmark: Dixit, 2002. (Hedge mazes in Scandinavia).

Garden Labyrinths & Hedge Mazes

Surprisingly, no books dealing specifically with the history of hedge mazes have been published to date. However, the following books, papers and articles provide valuable reading.

Labyrinthos Bibliography - Specialist Sources

Hedge maze, Williamsburg, Virginia, U.S.A.

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